Champagne Lilbert-Fils, Côte des Blancs
|Country & Region||France, Champagne, Cramant|
|Producer||George & Bertrand Lilbert|
|Founded||1746. Bertrand took the helm from his father George in 2005.|
The young Bertrand Lilbert is one of the superstars of Cramant, but remains largely unknown except to a select group of champagne devotees.
—Peter Liem, Besotted Ramblings blog, November 14, 2008
The written record has the Lilbert family cultivating vines around its hilltop village of Cramant in 1746, and it’s probably a fair bet that they were there sometime before that (the oldest part of their 23-foot-deep cellar dates from 1712). The record further shows that as early as 1907 the family bottled its own wine for commercial sale. Despite such longevity, the house of Lilbert is tiny: it farms a mere 3.5 hectares of vines (this figure translates into 8.6 acres, and unfortunately our old back label erroneously states 9.4 acres).
Bertrand Lilbert and his father Georges make only grand cru blanc de blancs from 100% Chardonnay. Their annual production averages 2,200 twelve-pack cases. To put this in perspective, the house of Moët & Chandon pumps out 25 million cases each year. Unlike Moët, the Lilberts make all of their wine from their own vineyards, which break down into 15 parcels in the grand cru villages of Oiry (10% of their total plantation), Chouilly (30%), and Cramant (60%) on the Côte des Blancs. (Cramant should not be confused with crémant. A term once used for a style, crémant now legally refers to all méthode Champenoise wine made outside of the Champagne appellation within France.)
The Côte des Blancs is a ridge that begins just outside of Epernay and runs north-south. Vineyards grow primarily on its east-facing escarpment, making the resemblance to Burgundy’s Côte d’Or a rich parallel (although here the soil is tuffeau and chalk rather than marl and limestone, and the ridgeline is much shorter). Bertrand Lilbert began working with his father in the 1990s and made one change. The flank of Cramant had long been known as one of the truly great terroirs of the Côte des Blancs. Why not, he thought, honor this knowledge? Thus he made the 1995 vintage Champagne from 100% Cramant fruit, saving the fruit from the other village parcels for the two non-vintage wines. The result was superb, and he has made the practice standard for his vintage wine.
The farming culture here is lutte raisonnée, i.e., sustainable. All of the wines are made in steel vats and all undergo malolactic fermentation. The bottles are riddled by hand in a deep, hand-dug chalk cellar, and the wine is disgorged without freezing. The house style emphasizes fine mousse and intense aromas of lime, green apple, hay, and dried apricot. These are beautiful expressions of often intensely mineral Chardonnay, with elegance, subtlety, and gorgeous fruit that is not dressed up by overtly sweet dosages. As Andrew Jefford observes in his book, The New France, “This tiny 4-ha Cramant domain is the source of some very fine and long-lived Blanc de Blancs made by Georges Lilbert and his son Bertrand. The style is less soft, creamy, and flowery than the Blanc de Blancs of most large houses might leave the drinker expecting: Cramant here has a taut, steely, rigorous quality….”
Thanks to Jeff Bramwell for the shot of Bertrand Lilbert and for the bottle shot (Bertrand’s daughter Lilou was born in 2010, thus this vintage bottling has a pink capsule–a color she chose).
|Grand Cru Blanc de Blancs NV||Chardonnay||This comes from all three communes where Lilbert farms vines. Typically it is made with two or three consecutive vintages, is aged on its lees for a minimum of three years, and is dosed with 6-8 g/l of sugar. 1,650 cases annually.|
|Perle NV||Chardonnay||This, the house’s rarest and most sought-after wine, also comes from all three communes, but is sourced from old vines. Its dosage is 4-5 g/l, and it is bottled with a lower pressure than the non-vintage classic— 4 bars of pressure rather than the normal 6— making it particularly transparent, sleek, and mineral. This ages on its lees for a minimum of four years. 165 cases annually.|
|Vintage Grand Cru Blanc de Blancs||Chardonnay||Since 1995 this has been made entirely from grapes raised in the hamlet of Cramant. The primary source is a parcel named Les Buissons where the Lilbert vines were planted in 1936. Like the Perle, this is bottled with a dosage of 4-5 g/l. The wine is made only in good years, and, like the Perle, production averages 165 cases of 750 mls.|